Present Tense & How to Use It, With Example

Present Tense

Present Tense With Explanation, Structure or Rules In the Form of Flow Chart

In the English language, when an action takes place at the time of speaking, we use the present tense. Also, it’s used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements. In short, this said willn’t wrong that the present tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to locate a situation or event in the present time. This tense is used for actions which are happening now.


This tense has been divided into 4 sub-categories, which depending on whether the action is in progress or completed or will happened (called the aspect of a verb). These’re:

  • Indefinite Tense
  • Continuous/Progressive Tense
  • Perfect Tense
  • Perfect Continuous/Progressive Tense

Flow Chart of 4 Present Tenses Sub-categories

Sub-categoriesName Of Present Tense
1. Indefinite TensePresent Indefinite Tense
2. Continuous/Progressive TensePresent Continuous/progressive Tense
3. Perfect TensePresent Perfect Tense
4. Perfect Continuous/Progressive TensePresent Perfect Continuous/progressive Tense

Now, let’s start to discuss details these sub-categories:

1. Present Indefinite Tense

Present indefinite tense can be defined as the action that is done in the present, however there’s no definite time limit given to it being accomplished.

Note: In this tense, we usually use 1st form verbs, but sometimes we use “s/es” at the end of the verb with singular nouns (He, She, It) and singular name.

  1. We use “es” with those forms of verbs ending with these spelling “s, ss, sh, ch, x, and o. For Example: 1. Catch — Catches, 2. Go — Goes, 3. Mix — Mixes.
  2. Otherwise, we use “s” in all types of forms of verbs or regular verbs. For Example:1. Work — Works, 2. Play — Plays, 3. Drink — Drinks.

Use in Sentence:

  • She teaches English. (Assertive / Simple Sentence)
  • They don’t run fast in the garden. (Negative Sentence).
  • Does he eat apples? (Interrogative Sentence)
  • Do we not drink water? (Interrogative & Negative Sentence)

2. Present Continuous/progressive Tense

Present Continuous/progressive tense used to denote an action that is continuing at the present moment.

Note: In this tense, we use helping verbs (is, are, am) and 1st form verbs with ing.

  1. Is: We use it with singular subject (He, She, It, singular name).
  2. Am: We use it only with I.
  3. Are: We use it with a  plural subject (They, You, We, plural name).

Use in Sentence:

  • She is reading a book. (Assertive / Simple Sentence)
  • They are not telling a lie. (Negative Sentence)
  • Am I feeling lonely? (Interrogative Sentence)
  • Is Jack not playing cricket? (Interrogative & Negative sentence)

3. Present Perfect Tense

That tense which shows an action that is going to take place in future, is called Present Perfect Tense.

Note: In this tense, we use helping verbs (has, have), and usually use 3rd form verbs.

  1. Has: We use it with singular subject (He, She, It, singular name).
  2. Have: We use it with a plural subject (I, They, You, We, plural name).

Use in Sentence:

  • She has washed hands. (Assertive / Simple Sentence).
  • You have not helped us. (Negative Sentence)
  • Has the teacher taught the lesson? (Interrogative Sentence)
  • Have I not fulfilled my promise? (Interrogative & Negative Sentence)

4. Present Perfect Continuous/progressive Tense

Present perfect continuous/progressive tense used to represent an action that began in the recent past and is still continuing.

Note: In this tense, we use helping verbs (has been, have been), usually use 1st form verbs with ing, and since/for.

  1. Has been: We use it with singular subject (He, She, It, singular name).
  2. Have been: We use it with plural subject (I, They, You, We, plural name).
  3. Since: We use it, if we know the exact time.
  4. For: We use it, if we don’t know the exact time.

Use in Sentence:

  • It has been raining since morning. (Assertive / Simple Sentence)
  • I have not been writing a letter for 2 hours. (Negative Sentence)
  • Has she been paying off your debt since 2020? (Interrogative Sentence)
  • Have you not been quarreling with anybody for 4 days? (Interrogative & Negative Sentence)

Structure or Rules of Present Tense

Do you prey confused  about the structure of 4 present tenses? So, to understand the structure, look at the following table.

Name of TenseMaking Sentence RuleExample Sentence
Present Indefinite TenseSubject + 1st form of verb or s/es + object.
Note: Addition of s/es singular subject (He, She, It, and single person name)
He speaks the truth.
(Addition of “s” with 1st form of verb, because “he” is a singular person.
Present Continuous/progressive TenseSubject + Helping Verb(am/is/are) + 1st form of verb+ing + object.She is plucking the flowers.
Present Perfect TenseSubject + Helping Verb (have/has) + 3rd form of verb + objectYou have reached home.
Present Perfect Continuous/progressive TenseSubject + Have/Has + Been + 1st form of verb+ing + object + since/for + time.
Since: We use it, if we know the exact time.
For: We use it, if we don’t know the exact time.
They have been reading for 2 hours.
Note: We use “for” before “2 hours” because we don’t know whose 2 hours, means these hours are of day or night.


These’re some common examples sentence for present tense accordingly its 4 sub-categories:

  • He cries on her lost car. (Present Indefinite Tense)
  • It is a charming sight. (Present Continuous/progressive Tense)
  • They have finished my work. (Present Perfect Tense)
  • It has been raining for quite some time now. (Present Perfect Continuous/progressive Tense)

This example sentence is a “Present Continuous/progressive Tense” because “are + 1st form of verb with ing (playing) is a rule of “Present Continuous/progressive Tense”.


When you learn the basic rules of this present tense, you can improve your personality and enhance your knowledge. Moreover, you can talk with everyone with full confidence in English. Also, if you’ve faced any confusion while reading this article, you can contact us through the comment box. We’ll try our best to overcome your confusion in a short interval of time, so that you may understand them better. Also, thanks a lot from the depth of the heart for reading this article.

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